Abstract 16722: The Children First Study: Improving Physical Activity Goals by a Multidisciplinary Educational Program for School Children
Objetive: To evaluate a multidisciplinary educational program on physical activity for cardiovascular prevention (CVP) in school children and their parents.
Methods: Students aging 6 to 10 years old were exposed to two different approaches at Sao Paulo, Brazil. For the morning period students (control group) we delivered written educational material (EM) about healthy lifestyle directed for their parentes. The afternoon period students (intervention group) received the same EM for their parents and the children were exposed to a weekly educational program in CVP with a multidisciplinary heath team during one year. This intervention tried to teach to these children concepts of healthy nutrition, avoidance of tobacco and physical activity. Both at the inclusion in the study and one year later we collected data of parents and their children, including exercise survey based on Baecke Questionnaire.
Results: We studied 197 children and 327 parents. The control group had 161 parents (mean age of 39 years, 53.3% female) and 92 children (mean age of 9 years, 51.2% female), and the intervention group had 162 parents (mean age of 38 years, 55.3% female) and 106 children (mean age of 8 years, 50.5% female). Active individuals were considered those located in the highest quartile of the Baecke questionnaire (P75). Children in the intervention group and thus exposed to initiatives to promote physical activity had increased odds of being classified as active at the end of the study for all domains: School (OR = 3.00 [1:48- 4:51]), Leisure (OR = 2.60 [1.40-3.79]), Sport (OR = 4.18 [1.90-6.47]) and Total Physical Activity (OR = 4.92 [1.98-7.86]). In the same way parents in the intervention group had increased odds of being classified as active at the end of the study for all domains: Leisure (OR = 2.42 [1:55 to 3:30]), Sport (OR = 3.00 [1.88-4.11]) and Total Physical Activity (OR = 3.05 [1.89-4.22]).
Conclusion: An educational program in cardiovascular prevention directed to children at school age can improve physical activity both in children and their parents, and contribute for the reduction of their cardiovascular risk.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.