Abstract 15054: Preliminary Results From Italian Electrocardiographic Screening in 12.000 Healthy Young Students
Background: In Italy, the cardiac sudden death affects every year about one thousand people under 35 years. While the young athletes are periodically subjected to cardiological examinations , non competitive sport only requires a certificate of General Practitioner without ECG. The aim of our study is to make an electrocardiographic screening in young students in order to early identify abnormal electrocardiographic findings and prevent sudden cardiac death.
Methods: From October 2010 to May 2013 we enrolled 12108 young students (Age 17.9±1.57 and 55.98% female). They were subjected to an electrocardiogram trough mobile electrocardiography that transmitted to a lecture center for reporting. In our study, students with known heart disease or congenital heart disease were excluded.
Results: Observing 12108 electrocardiograms, in 23% (2784) anomalies that needed further examinations were found (supraventricular arrhythmias 3,55 %; ventricular arrhythmias 1,18 %; atrio-ventricular block 0,91 %; fascicular block 4,08 %; right / left branch block 2,05 %; ventricular pre-excitation 3,69 %; atrial enlargement 1,18 %; long / short QT 0,61 %; ventricular repolarization anomalies 4,50%; ECG signs of left ventricular hypertrophy 0,77%; junctional rhythm 0,07%; coronary sinus rhythm 0,22%; Brugada (suspect) 0,19%).
Conclusion: In a population of young people apparently healthy, a noteworthy percentage of electrocardiographic abnormalities potentially at risk of fatal events was found. Therefore, it is desirable to pay attention also to young people in order to subject them to further diagnostic tests and to prevent sudden cardiac death.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.