Abstract 141: Simplified Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Training Program for the Non-Medical Staffs Working at a University Hospital Improved the Quality of Chest Compression, but Maintenance of the Skill Required Repeated Attendance
Introduction: Quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) contributes to cardiac arrest survival.
Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine whether 45-min simplified CPR training program for the non-medical staffs working at a university hospital improved the quality of chest compression.
Methods: Before and immediately after a 45-min CPR training program consisting of chest compressions and AED use with a personal training manikin, CPR skills were automatically recorded for 30 seconds and evaluated.
Results: From September 2011 through March 2013, 161 participants attended the program. We evaluated the chest compression technique in 109 participants (the first time participants; n=57, the second time participants; n=48, the third time and more; n=4). In the analysis of 109 participants after the program as compared with before, the number of chest compressions was significantly greater (110.8±13.0/min vs 94.2±27.4/min, p<0.0001), interruption of chest compressions was significantly shorter (0.05±0.34/30sec vs 0.89±3.52/30sec, p<0.05) and the proportion of incomplete chest compressions less than 5cm among total chest compressions was significantly decreased (8.9±23.2% vs 38.6±42.9%, p<0.0001). Before the program, the first time participants were compared with the second time participants (the interval of attendance; 12.7±4.3 months), and in the second time participants, the number of chest compressions was significantly greater (100.9±28.4/min vs 87.7±26.0/min, p<0.05), interruption of chest compressions was significantly shorter (0.08±0.58/30sec vs 1.62±4.7/30sec, p<0.05) and the proportion of incomplete chest compressions less than 5cm among total chest compressions was tended to be decreased (35.9±44.7% vs 43.5±41.6%, p=0.37).
Conclusions: Our simplified CPR training program with chest compressions and an AED use improved the quality of chest compression. Repeated attendance at the interval of less than one year would be desirable.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.