Abstract 12070: Epicardial Potentials Derived From the Body Surface Potential Map Using Inverse Electrocardiography and an Individualized Torso Model Improve the Diagnosis of Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Prospective Study
Introduction: Epicardial potentials (EP) derived from the body surface potential map (BSPM) improve acute myocardial infarction (AMI) diagnosis. In this study, we compared EP derived from the 80-lead BSPM using a standard thoracic volume conductor model (TVCM) with those derived using a patient-specific torso model (PSTM) based on body mass index (BMI).
Methods: Consecutive patients presenting to both the ED and pre-hospital coronary care unit between August 2009 and August 2011 with acute ischaemic-type chest pain at rest were enrolled. At first medical contact, 12-lead ECG and BSPM were recorded. BMI for each patient was calculated. Cardiac troponin-T (cTnT) was sampled 12h after symptom onset. Patients were excluded from analysis if they had any electrocardiographic confounders to interpretation of the ST-segment. A cardiologist assessed the 12-lead ECG for STEMI by Minnesota criteria and the BSPM. BSPM ST-elevation (STE) was ≥0.2mV in anterior, ≥0.1mV in lateral, inferior, RV or high right anterior and ≥0.05mV in posterior territories. To derive EP, the BSPM data were interpolated to yield values at 352-nodes of a Dalhousie torso. Using an inverse solution based on the boundary element method, EP at 98 cardiac nodes positioned within a standard TVCM were derived. The TVCM was then scaled to produce a PSTM, using a model developed from CT in 50 patients of varying BMI, and EP re-calculated. EP ≥0.4mV defined STE. A cardiologist blinded to both the 12-lead ECG and BSPM interpreted the EP map. AMI was defined as cTnT ≥0.1μg/L.
Results: Enrolled were 400 patients (age 62 ± 13 yrs; 57% male): 80 patients had exclusion criteria. Of the remaining 320 patients, BMI was 27.8 ± 5.6kg m-2. Of these, 180 (56%) had AMI. Overall, 132 had Minnesota STEMI on ECG (sensitivity 65%, sensitivity 89%) and 160 had BSPM STE (sensitivity 81%, specificity 90%). EP STE occurred in 165 patients using TVCM (sensitivity 88%, specificity 95%, p≤0.001) and in 206 patients using PSTM (sensitivity 98%, specificity 79%, p≤0.001). Of those with EP ≤0.4mV using TVCM and AMI (n=22), all had EP ≥0.4mV when an individualised PSTM was used.
Conclusion: Among patients presenting with ischaemic-type chest pain at rest, EP derived from BSPM using a novel PSTM significantly improves sensitivity for AMI diagnosis.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.