Abstract P324: Impact of Energy Drinks on Electrocardiographic and Blood Pressure Parameters: A Meta-Analysis of Clinical Studies
Introduction: Energy drinks capture 47% of the beverage market share internationally. Several studies have tried to evaluate the health risks of energy drink consumption but a general consensus does not exist. We performed a meta-analysis to assess the cardiovascular effects of energy drinks on notable electrocardiographic and blood pressure parameters.
Methods: A literature search in PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane database and by hand searching of relevant references was performed. Human clinical studies published in the English language were included if evaluating the impact of an energy drink on the QT/QTc interval or systolic blood pressure (SBP). Diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and heart rate (HR) were also assessed. A weighted mean change from baseline was calculated using the DerSimonian and Laird random-effects model for all endpoints. Subgroup and sensitivity analyses were performed to assess heterogeneity.
Results: Our initial search identified 351 studies of which 7 were ultimately included. A total of 93 and 132 individual subjects were incorporated for the QT/QTc interval and SBP analyses respectively. Compared to baseline, QT/QTc interval prolonged significantly by 10.0msec [95%CI 0.41 to 19.67; Cochrane Q p=0.505] and SBP increased significantly by 3.5mmHg [95%CI 0.92 to 6.11; Cochrane Q p=0.635]. DBP and HR increased non-significantly. These effects were maintained in most subgroup and sensitivity analyses.
Conclusions: Energy drinks significantly prolong the QT/QTc interval and raise SBP. DBP and HR are increased non-significantly. Further safety evaluation of energy drink consumption is warranted to guide public health policy.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.