Abstract P291: Adipocytokines, Lipoproteins & Obesity Among Black & White Postmenopausal Women from the Women’s Health Initiative
Background: Despite the prevalence of severe obesity, particularly among women and African-American women, there is little data on CV risk factor differences across the BMI spectrum including extreme obesity.
Methods: Participants were 1200 black and white postmenopausal women sampled from the Women’s Health Initiative Observational Study according to BMI categories and waist circumference tertiles: 300 black and 300 white women with BMI 40-65 kg/m2 and 75 black and 75 white women in BMI categories 8.5-<25, 25-<30, 30-<35 and 35-<40 kg/m2. Using stored baseline serum, total and high molecular-weight (HMW) adiponectin, leptin, ghrelin and insulin were measured by immunoassay; plasma lipoproteins and subclasses were measured by NMR spectroscopy. Race-ethnicity differences were tested in linear regression models adjusted for age, diabetes, BMI, waist, hip, hormone therapy and lipid-lowering medication.
Results: Compared with white women, black women had lower levels of total and HMW adiponectin and ghrelin, and higher levels of insulin and leptin. Despite similar levels of total LDL particles (LDL-P), black women had lower levels of small LDL-P and higher levels of large LDL-P and larger mean LDL size. Levels of large HDL particles (HDL-P) and small HDL-P were also similar for black and white women, but black women had lower levels of total and medium HDL-P and larger mean HDL particle size. Black women also had lower levels of total, large, medium and small VLDL particles (VLDL-P) which increased little across BMI category, such that mean levels of total or large VLDL-P among black women with BMI≥ 40 kg/m2 were lower than white women of normal BMI (<25 kg/m2) (Figure). Among white, but not black women, total LDL-P was higher and total HDL-P was lower with higher BMI category (Figure).
Conclusions: Among postmenopausal women of similar BMI and waist circumference, black women have lower levels of ghrelin and total and HMW adiponectin, but better lipoprotein levels that are less related to obesity compared with white women.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.