Abstract P280: Serum L-Selectin and Subclinical Cardiovascular Outcomes: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) Study
L-selectin is an adhesion molecule constitutively expressed on leukocytes and mediating their interaction with the endothelium. As a member of the selectin family, it plays a crucial role in leukocyte adhesion to and migration through the endothelial wall during inflammation. A protective role of L-selectin in early atherosclerosis was demonstrated in animal models. Previous studies assessing the relationship of this protein with cardiovascular disease were inconsistent. Lower serum L-selectin levels were found in patients with coronary artery disease (CHD) and peripheral artery disease (PAD) compared to controls. In contrast, plasma levels of L-selectin were increased in patients with CHD and PAD. These inconsistencies might be due to an interaction of soluble L-selectin with clotting factors or anticoagulants present in plasma but not in serum. Also, the small number and Caucasian predominance of patients included in previous studies represent limitations that need to be addressed using a rigorous, population-based approach. Herein, we seek to investigate the association of serum L-selectin with subclinical outcomes in a large, ethnically heterogeneous population. In a randomly selected subset of 720 subjects for each of the four ethnicities included in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA), serum samples were available for 2403 individuals (579 African Americans, 620 Caucasians, 600 Chinese and 604 Hispanics). Serum L-selectin levels and intima-media thickness (IMT) were measured at exam 2 and CAC was measured at exam 2 or 3 during the cohort follow up. Regression analysis and the Tobit model were used to assess the association of L-selectin levels with IMT and CAC respectively. The mean age was 63±10 years and 47% were men. The mean±SD protein levels were significantly different across ethnicities (867±192 ng/mL in African Americans, 956±215 ng/mL in Caucasians, 834±174 ng/mL in Chinese and 904±195 ng/mL in Hispanics; p<0.0001). In the univariate analysis, age was inversely correlated to the protein levels; in addition, levels were lower in males, regardless of ethnicity and in smokers, except among Hispanics. L-selectin was associated with modestly lower CAC only among Chinese (p=0.030), the association persisted after adjustment for traditional risk factors (p=0.046). No significant association was demontrated between the protein levels and IMT. In conclusion, in this large diverse population, we found that serum L-selectin was modestly associated to measures of subclinical atherosclerosis in Chinese but not in African, European or Hispanic Americans.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.