Abstract P252: Prevalence and Trend of Dyslipidemia from 1996 to 2006 among Adolescents in Taiwan
Background: Cardiovascular diseases are the leading causes of death in Taiwan. We try to evaluate the prevalence and trend of dyslipidemia from 1996 to 2006 and examine its relationship with weight status among adolescents in Taiwan.
Methods: Two cross-sectional surveys were conducted in 1996 and 2006 among junior high school adolescents in Taipei (the Taipei Children Heart Study, I and II). Anthropometric and lipid profile data were measured using standard methods. The cutoffs for abnormal lipid profiles were determined using guidelines from the AHA.
Results: From 1996 to 2006, the prevalence of dyslipidemia and hypercholesterolemia increased from 13.0% to 22.3% and 6.2% to 13.8%, respectively. The prevalence of hypertriglyceridemia and low HDL dyslipidemia increased from 2.96% to 4.27% and 6.5% to 11.6%, however only in boys. When compared to normal weight subjects, overweight boys and girls faced a 2.0 and 1.6-fold increased risk of dyslipidemia in the 2006 study, respectively. The risk of hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia for overweight boys compared to normal was 1.3 and 12 fold, respectively. The increased risk of low HDL-C dyslipidemia for overweight subjects was 2.6 and 7.2 fold in boys and girls, respectively. In 2006, each unit increment of BMI was associated with 29%, 13%, and 13% risk of hypertriglyceridemia, low HDL-C dyslipidemia and dyslipidemia for boys, and 25% risk of low HDL-C dyslipidemia in girls.
Conclusions: These surveys indicate the prevalence of dyslipidemia have increased significantly for both boys and girls in normal and overweight adolescents. Weight management and early screening of dyslipidemia in adolescents will be key to prevent dyslipidemia and related co-morbidities.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.