Abstract P195: Lack of Association between Sleep Duration and ECG Arrhythmia Risk Measures: Chicago Area Sleep Study
Introduction Sleep duration is significantly associated with cardiovascular disease risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes, and obesity in adults at low risk for obstructive sleep apnea. Although it is known that apnea increases the risk for sudden cardiac death, it is not known whether adults with short sleep duration independent of apnea have a higher risk for cardiac arrhythmias
Hypothesis We tested the hypothesis that sleep duration in adults at low risk for obstructive sleep apnea would be associated with ECG measures that are known risk factors for ventricular arrhythmias.
Methods The Chicago Area Sleep Study recruited 610 participants via commercially available telephone listings. Participants were screened using in-home apnea detection equipment (ApneaLinkTM) for one night to exclude subjects with apnea/hypopnea index ≥ 15. Participants wore wrist actigraphs for 7 days to objectively determine sleep duration. A 10-minute 12-lead ECG was recorded for each subject. Standard measures of heart rate, PR interval, and QTc interval were obtained along with markers of ventricular repolarization, Tpeak to Tend interval (Tpe) and spatial QRS-T angle. Signal-averaged ECG analysis was performed to measure filtered QRS duration (fQRSd), RMS voltage of terminal 40 ms (RMS), and duration of terminal QRS signals <40μV (LAS). Participants with atrial fibrillation, >20% ectopic beats and those using antihypertensive and sleep medications were excluded from analysis. The effect of sleep duration on the ECG parameters was estimated using a multiple linear regression model adjusting for demographics (sex, age, and race) and cardiovascular risk factors (BMI, hypertension, coronary heart disease, and diabetes).
Results ECGs from a total of 504 participants (200 male, 48±8 years old) were analyzed. Mean sleep duration was 7±1 hrs, heart rate was 64±9 bpm, PR interval was 165±18 ms, and QTc interval was 424±23 ms. Mean Tpe interval was 83±14 ms and spatial QRS-T angle was 29±26 deg. The signal-averaged ECG measures of fQRSd, RMS, and LAS had mean values of 78±12 ms, 58±34 μV, and 24±9 ms, respectively. In an unadjusted model, there was a borderline association between sleep duration and QTc (β=0.004 ms/hr, SE=0.0023, p=0.08). However, that association was no longer significant following adjustment with demographics and cardiovascular risk factors. No other ECG measures were associated with sleep duration.
Conclusions In a population at low risk of obstructive sleep apnea, ECG-based measures of cardiovascular risks were not associated with sleep duration. Previously reported associations between short sleep and cardiovascular events may not be arrhythmic in origin.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.