Abstract P127: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Risk for Coronary Heart Disease: A Meta-analytic Review
Context: Recent evidence suggests that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may be associated with increased risk for coronary heart disease (CHD).
Objective: To determine the association of PTSD to incident CHD using systematic review and meta-analysis.
Data Sources: Articles were identified by searching Ovid MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Scopus, Cochrane Library, PILOTS database, and through manual search of reference lists.
Study Selection: Prospective cohort studies that assessed PTSD in participants free of CHD and assessed subsequent CHD or cardiac-specific mortality.
Data Extraction: We extracted estimates of the association of PTSD to incident CHD, as well as study characteristics. Odds ratios were converted to hazard ratios (HR), and a random-effects model was used to pool results.
Data Synthesis: Five studies met our inclusion criteria (N= 401,712); 4 of these included depression as a covariate. The pooled HR for the magnitude of the relationship between PTSD and CHD was 1.53 (95% CI, 1.27-1.84) before adjustment for depression. The pooled HR estimate for the 4 depression-adjusted estimates (N= 362,388) was 1.22 (95% CI, 1.05-1.42).
Conclusion: PTSD is independently associated with increased risk for incident CHD, even after adjusting for depression and other covariates.
Figure 1. Forest plot of association of PTSD to incident MI or cardiac mortality
Note: The area of each square is proportional to the study’s weight in the meta-analysis, and each line represents the confidence interval around the estimate. The diamond represents the aggregate estimate, and its lateral points indicate confidence intervals for this estimate.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.