Abstract P062: Ten Weeks of Daily Consumption of Common Fructose Containing Sugars Does Not Increase Liver Fat Content
Purpose: Evaluate the effect of addition of commonly consumed fructose containing sugars to the usual diet on liver fat content.
Background: Fructose induced triglyceride synthesis has been argued to be augmented when accompanied by glucose. As the most common sources of fructose, high fructose corn syrup HFCS) and sucrose, also contain glucose such a response would be particularly detrimental to metabolic health due to the known role of excess fat in the liver in the induction of abnormalities in glucose homeostasis, insulin resistance and the subsequent development of type II diabetes.
Methods: For ten weeks, sixty-eight individuals (42.16 ± 11.66 years) consumed low-fat milk sweetened with either HFCS or sucrose such that the added sugar matched the 25th, 50th and 90th percentile population consumption levels of fructose. Fat content of the liver was obtained before and after the ten week intervention. Imaging was performed on a Philips 64-slice CT scanner. Region of interest measurements in the four sectors of the liver delineated by the hepatic veins were obtained in all patients, and converted to hepatocellular fat content percentages. Fat content of the liver remained unchanged (13.32 ±10.49 vs 13.32 ± 10.75%, p > 0.05). Group assignment did not affect the result interaction p > 0.05).
Conclusions: These data suggest that ectopic fat storage in the liver is not promoted when fructose is consumed as part of a normal diet, even in amounts as high as the 90th percentile consumption level.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.