Abstract P033: Relationship Between Adiponectin Level and Metabolic Syndrome after Weight Loss in Patients with Abdominal Obesity
Objective: to investigate the relationship between adiponectin level and metabolic syndrome (MS) after weight loss in patients with abdominal obesity (AO).
Method: A 3-year randomized lifestyle intervention trial performed in 153 patients with AO, age 43,2±0,8 yrs, BMI 32,1±1,9 kg/m2. 74 patients keep hypocaloric diet (gr.1), 79 patients keep diet and performed aerobic exercise (gr.2). Adiponectin concentration, body mass (BM), waist circumference (WC), body fat (BF), BMI, the levels of BP, glucose, insulin, HOMA-IR, TC, HDL-C, LDL-C, TG, CRP were measured before and after a 3-years outpatient intervention program.
Results. 100% patients with AO had some metabolic disorders and 38% had MS before the treatment. The adiponectin levels and others parameters didn’t differ between the groups before intervention (p>0,05). In 3 years 53 (71,6%) and 58 (73,4%) patients from 1 and 2 groups reduced weight. The rate of improving BM, BMI, BF, WC, HDL-C, TG and insulin was grater in patients gr.2 (p<0,05). The favorable dynamics of MS (MS didn’t appeared at the end of study or didn’t registered in patients who had it before) didn’t differ between the groups 1 and 2 (81,1% and 91,4%, p>0,05). The increasing of adiponectin level occurred more often in patients gr.2, than gr.1 (93,1% and 58,5%, p=0,001, respectively). Adiponectin level increased only in patients gr.2 (18,0±1,1mcg/ml and 23,8±1,3 mcg/ml, p= [[Unable to Display Character: р]]=0,0001), didn’t changed in gr.1 (p>0,05). It was established that in patients with combination of weight loss and increasing of adiponectin level favorable dynamics of MS occurred more often than in patients who lost weight without increasing of adiponectin level (91,7% and 69,2%, p=0,0001). In patients with favorable dynamics of MS increasing of adiponectin level had met more often, than in patients with unfavorable dynamics of MS (MS continued or appeared) (88,6% and 11,4%, p=0,0001). Increasing of adiponectin level associated with positive dynamics of the MS - OR=9,1 (4,0-20,6).
Conclusion. Combination of weight loss and increasing of adiponectin level associated with favorable dynamics of the metabolic syndrome.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.