Abstract P003: Survival after Incident Atrial Fibrillation: A Community-Based Study
Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia in clinical practice, causes substantial morbidity, and is associated with an excess risk of mortality. However, information on contemporary time trends in survival after AF is lacking. Thus, we aimed to determine whether survival after incident AF has changed over the last decade in a community-based cohort of 3413 individuals with incident AF between 2000 and 2010.
Methods: Olmsted County, MN residents 18 years of age and older with a first-ever AF or atrial flutter event between 2000 and 2010 were identified using inpatient and outpatient diagnostic codes and electrocardiograms. Deaths from any cause were ascertained through August 31, 2012 and time trends in survival after AF were examined using Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox proportional hazards regression.
Results: Among 3413 individuals with incident AF (52% men, age range 18-104) between 2000 and 2010, 1561 deaths were observed over a median follow-up of 3.4 years. Survival did not differ by year of AF diagnosis (figure). In addition, the proportion of cardiovascular disease-related deaths compared to non-cardiovascular deaths did not differ over time. After adjustment for age, sex, and Charlson comorbidity index, the hazard ratios for all-cause mortality were 1.09 (95% CI 0.97-1.23) for those diagnosed with AF in 2004-2007 vs. 2000-2003 and 1.04 (95% CI 0.90-1.12) for 2008-2010 vs. 2000-2003. Furthermore, the risk of death did not differ by sex after adjustment for age and comorbidity (HR 1.00, 95% CI 0.90-1.11 for men vs. women).
Conclusions: In the community, survival after AF has remained constant over the last decade despite substantial changes in the recommendations for treatment of AF. This underscores the importance of identification of prognostic factors and continued surveillance of outcomes in AF, as well as a better understanding of how to optimize the management of AF to improve outcomes in these patients.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.