A Mechanistic Contributor and Potential Biomarker in Atrial Fibrillation
Background—Congestive heart failure (CHF) causes atrial fibrotic remodeling, a substrate for atrial fibrillation (AF) maintenance. MicroRNA29 (miR29) targets extracellular matrix proteins. In the present study, we examined miR29b changes in patients with AF and/or CHF and in a CHF-related AF animal model and assessed its potential role in controlling atrial fibrous tissue production.
Methods and Results—Control dogs were compared with dogs subjected to ventricular tachypacing for 24 hours, 1 week, or 2 weeks to induce CHF. Atrial miR29b expression decreased within 24 hours in both whole atrial tissue and atrial fibroblasts (−87% and −92% versus control, respectively; p<0.001 for both) and remained decreased throughout the time course. Expression of miR29b extracellular matrix target genes collagen-1A1 (COL1A1), collagen-3A1 (COL3A1), and fibrillin increased significantly in CHF fibroblasts. Lentivirus-mediated miR29b knockdown in canine atrial fibroblasts (−68%; p<0.01) enhanced COL1A1, COL3A1, and fibrillin mRNA expression by 28% (p<0.01), 19% (p<0.05), and 20% (p<0.05), respectively, versus empty virus–infected fibroblasts and increased COL1A1 protein expression by 90% (p<0.05). In contrast, 3-fold overexpression of miR29b decreased COL1A1, COL3A1, and fibrillin mRNA by 65%, 62%, and 61% (all p<0.001), respectively, versus scrambled control and decreased COL1A1 protein by 60% (p<0.05). MiR29b plasma levels were decreased in patients with CHF or AF (by 53% and 54%, respectively; both p<0.001) and were further decreased in patients with both AF and CHF (by 84%; p<0.001). MiR29b expression was also reduced in the atria of chronic AF patients (by 54% versus sinus rhythm; p<0.05). Adenoassociated viral–mediated knockdown of miR29b in mice significantly increased atrial COL1A1 mRNA expression and cardiac tissue collagen content.
Conclusions—MiR29 likely plays a role in atrial fibrotic remodeling and may have value as a biomarker and/or therapeutic target.
- Received January 27, 2011.
- Accepted February 22, 2013.
- © 2013 American Heart Association, Inc.