Abstract 9891: Usefulness of Transthoracic Echocardiography with Strain Analysis in Initial Assessment of Acute Chest Pain in Emergency Department
Background: Conventional transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is currently not recommended as an initial test to diagnose coronary artery disease (CAD) due to its insensitivity. Left ventricular (LV) strain was reported to be more sensitive than regional wall motion abnormality (RWMA). The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of TTE including LV strain analysis in initial assessment of acute chest pain in emergency department (ED).
Methods: Patients visiting ED with acute chest pain were included. Patients with ST elevation myocardial infarct (MI), hemodynamic instability, known CAD or cardiomyopathy, high probability of non-cardiac chest pain, and poor echocardiographic window were excluded. All the patients were initially assessed by an ED physician for pretest probability of CAD. TTE was performed including LV strain image and global and regional LV longitudinal stain (SGL and SRL) was analyzed online. SRL abnormality was defined as decreased SRL in at least 2 adjacent segments. Diagnosis of CAD (based on coronary angiography or CT angiography) and cardiac events (cardiac death, revascularization, MI, or recurrent ED visit due to chest pain) were reviewed at 1 month after ED visit.
Results: Overall 104 patients were analyzed. CAD was diagnosed in 24% (n=25) and cardiac event was detected in 25% (n=26) of patients.Diagnostic accuracy for CAD was higher when using SRL with cut-off value of -13% (sensitivity of 89%, specificity of 77%, NPV = 92%, PPV = 70%) than when using RWMA (sensitivity of 62%, specificity of 88%, NPV = 80%, PPV = 76%). SRL showed better diagnostic performance for CAD than SGL, and pretest probability (Figure). Predictive value of SRL for cardiac events was also highest in those of SGL, RWMA, and pretest probability (Figure).
Conclusion: LV strain echocardiography can diagnose the CAD and predict future events with high accuracy. TTE including strain analysis can be used as an initial diagnostic tool in evaluation of acute chest pain in ED.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.