Abstract 9643: Effect of Partial Fatty Acids Oxidation Inhibition With Trimetazidine on Survival in Heart Failure: Results From an International Multicentre Retrospective Cohort Study
Background: Trimetazidine (TMZ) shifts myocardial energy production from free fatty acids to glucose oxidation, a more efficient metabolic pathway. Previous small studies in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) have shown that TMZ can improve contractile left ventricular function, exercise capacity and NYHA class compared to placebo. However, no data on the effects of TMZ on survival in patients with CHF have ever been produced.
Methods: In this international multicentre retrospective cohort study 669 patients (521 post-ischaemic) from the CHF clinics of our institutions were recruited. 362 patients (288 post-ischaemic) were on TMZ (20 mg tid or 35 mg bid) due to symptoms persistence (dyspnoea on exertion, fatigue, orthopnoea, oedema, alone or in combination) despite up titration of optimal CHF medical therapy, while the remaining patients continued conventional CHF therapy alone. Effects of TMZ administration were evaluated by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Cox-Regression survival analysis. Obtained results were corrected with propensity score (PS) in order to minimize selection bias. The protocol has been registered in the Italian Pharmaceutical Agency (AIFA) - Italian Ministry of Health, on the observational studies registry, ID number 458.
Results: Kaplan-Meier analysis for global mortality showed 11•3% improved global survival (p=0•015) and 8•5% improved survival for death from cardiovascular disease (CVD) causes (p=0•050) in the TMZ group. Cox regression analysis for global mortality showed a significant risk reduction for TMZ treated patients with a PS-corrected hazard ratio (HR)= 0•189 (confidence interval - CI 95%: 0•079-0•454; p=0•0002). TMZ also showed a good risk reduction profile for CVD death causes (PS-adjusted HR=0•072, CI 95%: 0•019-0•268, p=0•0001). The rate of hospitalization for cardiovascular causes was reduced by 10.4% at 5 years (p < 0•0005) with increased hospitalization-free survival of •8 months.
Conclusions: TMZ is effective in reducing both global and cardiovascular mortality and event-free survival in patients with CHF. The addition of TMZ on top of optimal medical therapy improves long-term survival in CHF patients.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.