Abstract 9621: Intensive Lipid Lowering Therapy Using Rosuvastatin Associates with Greater Atherosclerotic Aortic Plaques Regression - A Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study -
Whether intensive lipid-lowering therapy yields greater regression of atherosclerotic plaques remains inconclusive. We therefore performed a prospective, randomized trial comparing standard (achieving LDL-C levels recommended by the Japanese guideline) and intensive (achieving further 30% lower levels than the former) rosuvastatin therapy for 1 year with primary outcome of aortic plaques evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).Sixty patients, who were eligible for statins therapy (51 primary, 9 secondary prevention), were randomized to standard or intensive group, and dose of rosuvastatin were titrated to achieve the respective target LDL-C. Average doses of rosuvastatin throughout the study were 2.9±3.1 and 6.5±5.1 mg/day in standard and intensive group, respectively. Although both treatments significantly reduced LDL-C and high sensitive CRP(hsCRP) levels, reduction of LDL-C levels was greater in intensive group than in standard group (-46 vs. -34%). MRI study revealed that both thoracic and abdominal plaques were significantly regressed in both groups with greater regression in thoracic plaques in intensive group compared to standard group (-9.1 vs. -3.2%) (Figure A). Moreover, thoracic plaques regression correlated with reductions in hsCRP (FigureB).In conclusions, the present study demonstrated that intensive lipid-lowering using rosuvastatin led to additive plaques regression compared to standard therapy. Therefore, rosuvastatin may provide long term benefit in patients with increased risk through its potent LDL-C lowering and anti-inflammatory effects.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.