Abstract 9501: Gender Differences in Mortality Associated with Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Infections
Introduction: Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) reduce morbidity and mortality in appropriately selected patients, but device-related infections are associated with significant mortality that can mitigate this benefit. Women are at higher risk for adverse events during ICD procedure admissions, but there are limited data on the mortality associated ICD infection in women.
Objective: To compare the clinical characteristics and mortality rate of men and women who have an infection associated with ICD procedure.
Methods: Retrospective cohort study of 64,903 Medicare fee-for-service patients admitted for ICD generator implantation, replacement, or revision from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2007. Primary outcome measures were unadjusted and risk-adjusted longer-term mortality associated with ICD infection.
Results: There were a total of 1,855 (2.89%) admissions with an ICD infection. Longer-term mortality (death during admission quarter and subsequent 4 quarters) was significantly higher with ICD infection than without (28.4% vs. 16.7%, P<0.001). While longer-term mortality without ICD infection was significantly lower for women (hazard ratio=0.89 [95%CI 0.85-0.93]), longer-term mortality with ICD infection was significantly higher for women, compared to men (hazard ratio=1.20 [95%CI 1.03-1.41]. Multivariate regression analysis adjusting for age, gender, race/ethnicity and 28 comorbidities demonstrated a significant interaction between gender and ICD infection associated short and, and longer-term mortality. The risk-adjusted longer-term mortality with ICD infection was significantly higher for women compared to men (hazard ratio = 1.25 [95% CI 1.02-1.53]).
Conclusions: Women have significantly higher rate of death, compared to men, following infection associated with ICD procedures. Further studies to determine the underlying causes of this disparity are warranted.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.