Abstract 9481: The Response of the Qt Interval and the T-wave Morphology to Sudden Tachycardia Provoked by Standing in Young Athletes
Background: the response of the QT interval to the sudden tachycardia provoked by standing can aid in the diagnosis of the long QT syndrome (LQTS). It is therefore important to know what is the normal response to this maneuver. The aim of this study was to characterise the response of the QT interval and the T-wave morphology following this provocation test in young healthy athletes.
Methods: ECG was analysed as part of a prospective study about the impact of cardiovascular screening with ECG in young (14-35 years) athletes. ECG was performed after 5 minute of supine resting. Athletes without cardiac abnormalities, not taking drugs and with normal ECG (QTc for men < 450 msec, for women < 460 msec) were asked to stand up quickly with continuous ECG monitoring for 30”. Heart rate, QT, QTc (Bazett) and T-wave morphology [normal, biphasic, notched G1 (T2>T1), notched G2 (T2>>T1)] were analysed at baseline and at maximal tachycardia.
Results: ECG of 289 athletes was analysed (76 % men, mean age 18.4 ± 5.6 years). Baseline parameters were following: heart rate 69 ± 11/min, QT 378 ± 27 msec, QTc 401 ± 21 msec. After standing, the maximal heart rate was 101 ± 13/min. QT was 361 ± 28 msec (shortening by 17 ±11 msec). In 4 % of athletes QT increased by 10-20 msec. QTc was 466 ± 30 msec (lengthening of 65 ± 24 msec). In 12 % of athletes QTc was ≥ 500 msec. T-wave morphology during tachycardia were notched G2 in 6% of athletes. During tachycardia, 15 % of athletes displayed a QTc ≥ 500 msec or QT lengthening or notched G2 morphology of T waves.
Conclusions: During sudden tachycardia, a significant proportion of healthy young athletes demonstrated QTc interval and changes of T-wave morphology in the magnitude observed in patients with the LQTS. Caution should be applied in interpreting these parameters in ECG tracing and Holter monitoring displaying sudden oscillations of heart rate in this population.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.