Abstract 9206: Myocardial Mechanics in Asymptomatic Versus Symptomatic Patients with Severe Aortic Stenosis
Background: Symptomatic patients (pts) with severe aortic stenosis (AS) demonstrate abnormal left ventricular (LV) mechanics. We compared LV mechanics in asymptomatic and symptomatic pts with severe AS using 2-D myocardial strain imaging.
Methods: The study group included 62 pts with severe AS (aortic valve area [AVA] ≤1.0cm2), normal LV ejection fraction (LVEF>50%), and without segmental wall motion abnormalities. LV longitudinal and circumferential strain and rotation were measured in 30 asymptomatic pts and compared to 32 age and gender-matched pts with AS-related symptoms and to 25 normal subjects without AS.
Results: Patients with asymptomatic severe AS demonstrated less decreased longitudinal strain, higher (supernormal) apical circumferential strain, and extreme (supernormal) apical rotation, compared to symptomatic patients.
Conclusions: Compensatory mechanisms of myocardial mechanics in asymptomatic pts with severe AS (increased apical circumferential strain and rotation) are lost with the appearance of symptoms. Thus, myocardial mechanics may help in the follow up of pts with severe AS and timing of valve surgery.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.