Abstract 9027: A Novel Polymorphism Arg146 of the Natriuretic Peptide Receptor-3 Gene Results in a Significant Reduction in Protein Expression Due to Accelerated Degradation
Background: The primary role of natriuretic peptide receptor 3 (NPR3) is clearance of natriuretic peptides. Genetic variation in NPR3 has been associated with blood pressure regulation and obesity. Despite its importance, variation in NPR3 characterizing coding single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) has not been addressed by resequencing the gene. Objective: We set out to identify and functionally characterize common variation in NPR3 in 3 ethnic groups. DNA samples from such subjects are studied because common genetic variation needs to be defined initially in “normal” individuals prior to studying drug effect and response. Also, rare variants identified by sequencing are enriched in complex disease traits.
Methods and Results: DNA samples from 96 European-American, 96 African-American, and 96 Han Chinese-American healthy subjects were used to resequence NPR3. There were 105 polymorphisms identified of which 50 were novel, including 8 nonsynonymous (ns) SNPs of which 7 were novel. Expression constructs for the nsSNPs were created and HEK-293 cells were transfected with constructs for wild type (WT) and the variants. Recombinant proteins were analyzed by quantitative Western blot analysis. A significant reduction in NPR3 immunoreactive protein (60% or less of WT) was observed for the following variants Cys3, Arg146, Val499, and Ser477+Asp521. The Arg146 novel polymorphism resulted in the least protein expression (20% of WT). After treatment of WT and Arg146 cells with proteasome (MG132) and autophagy (3MA) inhibtors, it was determined that autophagy and not proteasomes plays an important role in the degradation of the Arg 146 variant protein. Modeling based on the NPR3 x-ray crystallography structure confirmed that the Arg146 variant were not compatible with WT conformation and could result in protein misfolding or instability.
Conclusions: Multiple novel polymorphisms of NPR3 were identified in 3 ethnic groups. There were 4 variant receptors that displayed a significant decrease in NPR3 protein quantity, Arg146 being the variant with the least expression. Degradation of the variant Arg146 was mediated predominantly by autophagy. This SNP could have a significant effect on the metabolism of natriuretic peptides with clinical implications.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.