Abstract 51: Prognostic Implication of Initial Coagulopathy in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest
Objective: We sought to investigate the prognostic implication of early coagulopathy represented by initial DIC score in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA).
Methods: OHCA registry was analyzed to identify patients with ROSC without recent use of anticoagulant between 2008 and 2011. Patients were assessed for prehosptial factors, initial laboratory results and therapeutic hypothermia. Outcome variables were survival discharge, 6-month CPC and survival duration within the first week after ROSC. Logistic regression and Cox-proportional hazards model were used for both univariate and multivariate analysis.
Results: Among 273 eligible patients, initial DIC score was available in 252 (92.3%). Higher DIC score was associated with increased inhospital death (odds ratio [OR], 1.89 per unit; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.48-2.41) and unfavorable long-term outcome (6-month CPC 3-5; OR, 2.21 per unit; 95% CI, 1.60-3.05). The adjusted ORs for both outcomes were 1.61 (95% CI, 1.17-2.22) and 1.84 (95% CI, 1.26-2.67), respectively. We categorized DIC score in five groups as <3, 3, 4, 5 and >5 and analyzed differential mortality risk using Cox- proportional hazards model. Compared with reference group (DIC score <3), the adjusted HR for early mortality in each remaining group was 1.96 (95% CI, 1.13-3.40), 2.26 (95% CI, 1.27-4.02), 2.77 (95% CI, 1.58-4.85) and 4.29 (95% CI, 2.22-8.30), respectively (p-trend <.001). The area under the receiver operating characteristic of DIC score for prediction of unfavorable long-term outcome was 0.79 (95% CI, 0.69-0.88).
Conclusion: Increased initial DIC score in OHCA was an independent predictor for poor outcomes and early mortality risk.
Uploaded image: Kaplan-Meier plots for cumulative 1-week survival of five DIC score groups; Log-rank test for difference (p <.001, p-trend <.001)
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.