Abstract 19659: Long Term Left Ventricular Assist Device Therapy: Renal Response to Pulsatile vs Continuous Flow
Background: Left ventricle assist device (LVAD) support, a well established therapy in advanced CHF, improves renal function assessed by creatinine. While renal function in large numbers of continuous flow (CF) LVADs vs pulsatile flow (PF) LVADs has been evaluated at 3 mo., long term studies are needed with large numbers of CF vs PF devices. To date longer term analysis comparing renal function in CF vs PF devices have relied on a small number of CF devices. We evaluated renal function assessed by creatinine in a large number of CF (HM II) (n=119) devices and compared this to renal function in a group of subjects treated with PF devices (HM XVE) (n=8) at 6 mo. post implant. Our aim was to evaluate change in creatinine between 3 and 6 months in these groups.
Methods and Results: Plasma creatinine was evaluated at 3 and 6 months in two groups: subjects with CF HM II (n=119) and PF LVAD (HM XVE, n=8). The data were collected from two centers in patients undergoing implant for destination or bridge to transplant therapy. Baseline creatinine was higher in the HM XVE group at baseline (BL), and decreased at 3 mo. (1.7 [1.1-2.1] vs 1.1 [0.8-1.5] mg/dL, p<0.05). BL creatine in the HM II group decreased at 3 mo as well (1.2 [1-1.5] vs 1.1 [0.9-1.3] mg/dL, p,0.05). Between 3 and 6 months there was no difference in degree of creatinine change in CF vs PF, however both groups had an increase in Creatinine in this time frame: PF (1.1 [0.8-1.5] vs 1.35 [1.05-1.9] mg/dL, p<0.05); CF (1.1 [0.9-1.3] vs 1.2 [0.92-1.4] mg/dL, p<0.05).
Conclusion: This is the first study to demonstrate with large numbers of CF LVAD that creatinine does not incrementally increase between 3 and 6 mo. in comparison to PF LVAD. Further studies are required with large numbers of continuos flow LVADs evaluating the comparative effect of long term continuous flow vs pulsatile flow. Additionally, it remains important to identify surrogates of pulsatility in subjects with continuous flow devices and evaluate prognostic impact on renal function long term.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.