Abstract 18683: Outcomes of Patients Presenting with Acute Type A Aortic Dissection in the Setting of Prior Cardiac Surgery: An Analysis from the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection
Introduction: Prior cardiac surgery can complicate the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and management of patients with type A aortic dissection (TAAAD). This report from the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection (IRAD) examines this hypothesis.
Methods: 352 of 2289 TAAAD patients (15.4%) enrolled in IRAD had cardiac surgery prior to dissection, including coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG, 34.6%), aortic or mitral valve surgery (38.4%), aortic surgery (44.7%), and other cardiac surgery (18.1%).
Results: Comparative differences in baseline demographics, clinical presentation, and management time are shown in Table 1. Patients with prior cardiac surgery were more likely to undergo CABG (p=0.006) or mitral valve replacement (p=0.001) at the time of dissection repair. Total cardiopulmonary bypass time was higher in patients with prior cardiac surgery (p<0.001); no difference was seen in cardiac arrest time (p=0.113) or cerebral ischemia time (p=0.286). In-hospital mortality was significantly higher for patients with prior cardiac surgery (33.5% vs. 24.0%, p70 (RR1.58, 95% CI 1.25-1.99), and medical management of acute dissection (RR 4.79, 95% CI 3.62-6.34). Kaplan-Meier analysis is shown in Figure 1.
Conclusion: Prior cardiac surgery not only delays presentation and diagnosis of acute type A dissections, but is also an important adverse risk factor for early and late mortality.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.