Abstract 18571: Stroke and Outcomes in Patients with Acute Type A Aortic Dissection
Background: Stroke is one of the most dreaded complications of type A acute aortic dissection (TA-AAD). However, few data exist on its incidence and association with prognosis.
Methods: We evaluated 2202 TA-AAD patients [pts, mean age 61.9 ± 14.4, 1487 (67.5%) male] from the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection (IRAD) to determine the incidence and prognostic influence of stroke in TA-AAD.
Results: Stroke was present at arrival in 132 (6.0%) TA-AAD pts. Stroke pts were older (65±12 vs. 62±15 yrs; p=.002) and more likely to have hypertension (86% vs. 71%; p=.001) or atherosclerosis (29% vs. 22%; p=.042). While chest pain at arrival was less common (70% vs. 82%; p<.001), stroke pts presented more often with syncope (44% vs. 15%; p<.001), shock (14% vs. 7%; p=.005) or pulse deficit (51% vs. 29%; p=<.001). Arch vessels involvement was more frequent among the stroke pts (68% vs. 37%; p<.001). Stroke pts were treated less frequently by surgery (74% vs. 85%; p<.001). Hospital stay was significantly longer in patients presenting with stroke (median 17.9 versus 13.3 days, p<0.001). Stroke patients demonstrated more frequent in-hospital complications (Table) and higher mortality (adjusted OR 1.62, 95% CI .99-2.65, p=.055) Among hospital survivors, mortality at follow-up was similar in pts with and without stroke (adjusted HR 1.15, 95% CI 0.46-2.89, p=.761).
Conclusions: Stroke occurred in greater than 1 of 20 pts with TA-AAD and was associated with increased morbidity and in-hospital, but not long-term mortality. Whether aggressive early intervention will reduce morbidity and improve mortality remains to be evaluated in future studies.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.