Abstract 18376: Angiographic Graft Patency After Multivessel Minimally Invasive Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: MICS CABG Patency Study
Objective: Previous publications from our institutions have shown that minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting (MICS CABG) is safe, widely applicable, and associated with fewer infections, less transfusions, and better recovery than standard CABG. However, graft patency rates are unknown. The MICS CABG Patency Study prospectively evaluated angiographic bypass graft patency at 6 months after MICS CABG.
Methods: In this dual-center study, 61 patients were prospectively enrolled and underwent MICS CABG through a 4-7cm left thoracotomy approach, where the left internal thoracic artery (LITA), the ascending aorta for proximal anastomoses, and all distal coronary targets were accessed without endoscopic or robotic assistance. The primary outcome was graft patency at 6 months, using 64-slice CT angiography. Secondary outcomes included conversions to sternotomy and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). (Clinical Trial RegistrationUnique identifier: NCT01334866)
Results: Mean age was 64.1±8.1 years, the mean ejection fraction was 48.8±10.4%, and there were 8 females in the study (13.1%). Surgeries were performed off-pump in 52 patients (85.2%). Complete revascularization was achieved in all patients, and the median number of grafts was 3. There was no perioperative mortality, no conversion to sternotomy, and 1 reopening for bleeding. Transfusion occurred in 15 patients (24.6%).The median length of hospital stay was 4 days, and patients were followed-up to 6 months, with no mortality or MACE. At 6 months, overall CT angiographic graft patency was 91.2% for all grafts, and 100% for LITA grafts.
Conclusions: MICS CABG is safe, feasible, and associated with excellent rates of graft patency at 6 months post-surgery.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.