Abstract 15907: Effects of Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers on Regression of Coronary Atherosclerotic Plaque
Objectives: Coronary intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) can provide an imformation of coronary atherosclerosis. Recent reports suggest that coronary plaques can be reduced by some medications. On the other hand, angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) improve clinical outcomes in patients with hypertension. The aim of this multi-center study was to assess effects of blood pressure-lowering therapy with ARBs on regression of coronary atherosclerosis.
Methods and Results: Seventy one hypertensive patients with stable angina pectoris who underwent elective PCI were enrolled. They randomly received one of two ABRs (olmesartan 20mg/day or valsartan 80 mg/day) after PCI. Non-target coronary lesions with mild to moderate stenosis were measured by volumetric IVUS at both baseline and 6-month follow-up period in those patients. Systolic blood pressure was significantly decreased by 16.7% after treatment with ARBs (P < 0.01, vs baseline). There were no significant differences in vessel volume (103.9 ± 58.4 mm3 at baseline and 98.7 ± 57.6 mm3 at 6-month follow-up) and lumen volume (57.2 ± 33.6 mm3 at baseline and 57.0 ± 34.2 mm3 at 6-month follow-up) between baseline and 6-month ARB treatment. However, statistically significant reduction in plaque volume was observed in examined coronary arteries (46.7 ± 31.8 mm3 at baseline and 41.7 ± 28.4 mm3 at 6-month follow-up, 10.2% decrease from baseline, P = 0.01). Interestingly, serum adiponectine levels increased from 9.0 ± 4.2 μ g/ml to 10.7 ± 5.4 μ g/ml (an increase of 19.4 %, P < 0.01), and serum MDA-LDL levels decreased from 107.8 ± 46.4 IU/l to 95.5 ± 28.0 IU/l (a decrease of 11.4 %, P < 0.01).
Conclusions: Blood pressure-lowering therapy with ARBs for 6 months significantly reduced the plaque volume at non-target coronary lesions in patients with stable angina pectoris. Furthermore, a significant increase in serum adiponectine levels and a significant decrease in serum MDA-LDL cholesterol levels were also observed after 6-month ARBs treatment.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.