Abstract 15805: Population Trends in Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) Training and Use 1980-2009: The Minnesota Heart Survey
Introduction: Population CPR training is an important aim of the American Heart Association and other professional organizations since the early 1970s. There is significant progress in advancing training and utilization of the training by bystanders. Population trends in CPR training and use are evaluated in the Minnesota Heart Survey (MHS).
Hypothesis: The promotion of population-wide CPR training results in increased levels of adult citizen training and widespread use.
Methods: MHS risk factor survey selected, at random, adults age 25-74 in the Minneapolis-St. Paul metropolitan area (population 2.85 million, 2010 census) at five-year intervals from 1980 to 2009. Interviewers queried participants about CPR training, recency of training and the use of training in a medical emergency. Demographic and other characteristics were also collected.
Results: These serial cross-sectional surveys included a total of 13,694 men and 15,632 women. From 1980-82 to 2007-09, self-reported CPR training among men increased from 27% to 67%. Among women, the increase was from 23% to 73%. Of those trained, rates of ever used in an emergency situation for men rose from 8% to 11% while in women it rose from 7% to 15%. The recency or time since most recent CPR training also rose from a median of three years in 1980-82 to 12.5 years in 2007-09 for men and from three years to 10 years for women.
Conclusion: There are significant increases in the number of individuals trained in CPR with the majority of the adult population having taken a course by 2009. The percentage of those using their training also increased with higher rates for women then men. However, the recency of CPR training has substantially increased leading to doubt about adequate skills despite high levels of reported training.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.