Abstract 15231: Effect of Hypertension and Diabetes on Severe Coronary Artery Disease
Background - Hypertension and diabetes are well known risk factors for coronary artery disease and the SYNTAX (synergy between percutaneous coronary intervention with taxus and cardiac surgery) score (SS) is a unique tool to score complexity of coronary artery disease. The aim of this study was to assess the independent and combined effect of hypertension and diabetes on SS in patients underwent coronary angiography.
Methods and Results - Total 2,163 patients underwent coronary angiography were analyzed. SS was calculated by using the SS algorithm which is available on the website. The patients were divided into four groups: those without hypertension or diabetes (HT-/DM-), those with only hypertension (HT), only with diabetes (DM), and with hypertension plus diabetes (HT+/DM+). High SS was defined as SS ≥ 10 according to median value of SS in enrolled patients. Multivariate analysis was performed using hypertension, diabetes, age, sex, body mass index, history of smoking, and level of serum hemoglobin, creatinine, c-reactive protein, high and low density lipoprotein cholesterol. The median SS was 9.0 (5.0 - 17.0) for 885 patients with HT-/DM-, 9.0 (5.0 - 16.0) for 548 patients with HT, 10.0 (6.0 - 19.5) for 405 patients with DM and 13.0 (6.0 - 20.5) for 355 patients with HT+/DM+. Hypertension (odd ratio (OR) 0.912, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.688 - 1.209) and diabetes (OR 0.94, 95% CI 0.686 - 1.289) were not associated with high SS. But combined hypertension and diabetes was an independent risk factor for high SS (OR 1.6; 95% CI 1.16 - 2.26). Conclusion - Coexistence of hypertension and diabetes is associated with a negative synergistic effect on SYNTAX score but either of hypertension without diabetes or diabetes without hypertension is not associated with high SYNTAX score.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.