Abstract 13951: Impact of Obesity Control on Circulating Level of Endothelial Progenitor Cells and Angiogenesis in Response to Ischemic Stimulation
Background and Aim: We tested the hypothesis that obesity reduced circulating number of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), angiogenic ability, and blood flow in ischemic tissue that could be reversed after obesity control. Methods: 8-week-old C57BL/6J mice (n=27) were equally divided into group 1 (fed with 22-week control diet), group 2 (22-week high fat diet),and group 3 (14-week high fat diet, followed by 8-week control diet). Critical limb ischemia (CLI) was induced at week 20 in groups 2 and 3. The animals were sacrificed at the end of 22 weeks. Results: Heart weight, body weight, abdominal fat weight, serum total cholesterol level, and fasting blood sugar were highest in group 2 (all p<0.001). The numbers of circulating EPCs (C-kit/CD31+, Sca-1/KDR+ and CXCR4/CD34+) were lower in groups 1 and 2 than in group 3 at 18 h after CLI induction (p<0.03). The numbers of differentiated EPCs (C-kit/CD31+, CXCR4/CD34+ and CD133+) from adipose tissue after 14-day cultivation were also lowest in group 2 (p<0.001). Protein expressions of VCAM-1, oxidative index, Smad3, and TGF-β were higher, whereas the Smad1/5 and BMP-2, mitochondrial cytochrome-C SDF-1α and CXCR4 were lower in group 2 than in groups 1 and 3 (all p<0.02). Immunofluorescent staining of CD31+ and vWF+ cells, the number of small vessel (<15µm), and blood flow through Laser Doppler scanning of ischemic area were lower in group 2 compared to groups 1 and 3 on day 14 after CLI induction (all p<0.001).
Conclusion: Obesity suppressed abilities of angiogenesis and recovery from CLI that were reversed by obesity control.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.