Abstract 13567: Impact of Chronic Kidney Disease on Clopidogrel-Induced Antiplatelet Effects in Non-Diabetic Patients with Coronary Artery Disease
Background. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is the most important predictor of chronic kidney disease (CKD), and pharmacodynamic (PD) studies have shown that DM patients with impaired renal function are characterized by reduced clopidogrel response. However, post-hoc PD studies conducted in unselected cohorts, composed of both DM and non-DM patients, have reached controversial findings on the effects of CKD on clopidogrel response, likely attributed to patient heterogeneity. The impact of renal function on clopidogrel response in non-DM patients remains unexplored and represented the aim of this prospective investigation.
Methods. We conducted a prospective PD investigation in non-DM patients with and without CKD defined as an estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) below or above 60 mL/min, respectively. All patients had known coronary artery disease and were on maintenance aspirin therapy. PD assessments were assessed at baseline and 2 and 24 hours after a 600mg loading dose of clopidogrel. PD assays included light transmission aggregometry (LTA) using 5 and 20 μmol ADP with and without PGE1 and flow cytometric assessment of the phosphorylation status of the vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP) to determine the platelet reactivity index (PRI).
Results. A total of 60 patients were studied (n=30 eGFR> 60 mL/min; n=30 eGFR< 60 mL/min). At baseline there were no differences between groups. Following clopidogrel loading dose administration, levels of on-treatment platelet reactivity were similar between groups at 2 and 24 hours as measured with LTA and VASP (Table 1).
Conclusion. In non-DM patients with CAD, the presence of impaired renal function is not associated with differences in clopidogrel-induced antiplatelet effects compared with patients with preserved renal function.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.