Abstract P355: Sodium and Potassium 24 Hours Excretion in The Italian Adult Population: Preliminary Results of The MINISAL-GIRCSI Study
Background: According to the recommendation of the High Level Group of the European Union within the “Gaining health: make healthy choices easy choice” Preventive Program of the Italian Ministry of Health, the agreement with bread makers' associations was signed for the gradual reduction of the salt content in bread. In Italy, information about habitual sodium and potassium intake is scanty. In order to monitor preventive actions of this Preventive Programme the MINISAL-GIRCSI Study is to assess the dietary intake of sodium and potassium in representative samples of the Italian adult population.
Methods: Baseline data from 12 different random samples collected within the MINISAL-GIRCSI-Health Examination Survey started in 2008, with completed screening and laboratory determinations, were considered: 1196 men and 1231 women aged 35-79 years. Sodium and potassium daily intakes were assessed through 24-hour urine collection using standardized procedures. Determinations of sodium, potassium and creatinine were assessed in a centralized laboratory. Information on habit of adding salt to food and the consumption of high salt content food were collected through a questionnaire.
Results: Mean of sodium chloride per day resulted 11 g in men and 8 g in women with a range of 1-27 g and 2-27 g respectively. Mean of potassium chloride per day resulted 5 g in men and 4 g in women with a range of 1-13 g and 1-9 g respectively. Mean of creatinine per day resulted 1463 mg in men and 942 mg in women. Mean of urine volume per day resulted 1861 ml in men and 1827 ml in women. In both men and women, higher intake of sodium chloride was found in Southern regions; no geographical differences were found for potassium chloride. Sodium and potassium chloride excretions were not found higher with increasing age. Most of persons (72%) eat three slices of bread per day and 22% eat cheese and processed meat more than 4 times per week. Thirteen percent of persons usually add salt during meals and 19% are usually thirsty after meals.
Conclusions: Preliminary results show that Italian adult population take more than double of WHO recommended salt intake; this is typical in industrialized countries. Further analyses considering data from other Italian regions are needed to confirm these values. The prevention actions at population level should include recommendations for reducing salt intake.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.