Abstract P329: The Use of Polypill Components is Related to Lower Vascular Morbidity Aand Mortality in Patients With Vascular Diseases or Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Background and aims Patients with established cardiovascular disease or diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2) are likely to receive separate treatment of an aspirin, a statin and blood pressure (BP)-lowering agents. Combining these pharmacological agents into a cardiovascular polypill, could be considered in these patients to reduce prescription gaps and increase adherence. We evaluated the effect of the concomitant use of aspirin, a statin and BP-lowering agent(s) in patients with vascular diseases or DM2 on vascular morbidity and mortality in current clinical practice.
Methods In total 5783 patients with coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular disease, abdominal aortic aneurysm, peripheral arterial occlusive disease or DM2 enrolled in the Second Manifestations of ARTerial disease study were followed/up for the occurerence of a subsequent vascular event (i.e. myocardial infarction (MI), ischaemic cerebrovascular accident (iCVA), vascular death), composite vascular endpoint (combination of previous mentioned) and all-cause mortality.
Results In total 2456 (42%) used aspirin, a statin and 1 BP lowering agent. During a median of 5.3 years (interquartile range 2.7-9.3 years), 758 patients experienced a new vascular event and 737 died. Combination therapy with aspirin, statin and ≥1 BP lowering agent was associated with a lower risk of MI (HR 0.77; 95%CI 0.62-0.97), iCVA (HR 0.75; 95%CI 0.52-1.08), vascular mortality (HR 0.56; 95%CI 0.44-0.72), composite vascular endpoint (HR 0.52; 95%CI 0.43-0.63) and all-cause mortality (HR 0.52; 95%CI 0.43-0.63) after adjusting for confounding covariates (Table 1).
|Aspirin, statin and ≥1 BP lowering agents|
|Study endpoint||No. of events||HR (95%-CI)|
|Coronary Artery Disease|
|Composite Vascular Endpoint|
|II: Adjusted for gender, age|
|III: II + additional adjustment for BMI, current smoking, packyears, concommitent cardiovascular disease|
|IV: III + additional adjustment for LDL, systolic BP|
|Propensity Score: composed of gender, age, BMI, current smoking, packyears, concomitant cardiovascular disease, LDL cholesterol and systolic BP|
Conclusion The combined use of aspirin, statin and at least 1 BP lowering agent was associated with a lower risk of vascular morbidity and mortality in patients with established cardiovascular disease or DM2. Introduction of a polypill in these high risk patients may promote the use of preventive pharmacologic treatment and contribute to better adherence thereby decreasing the risk for vascular morbidity and mortality.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.