Abstract P264: Meeting 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans Reduces Risk of Recurrent CVD Events in MI Survivors: The Western New York Acute MI Study (1996–2006)
Introduction: The 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans (PAG) recommend adults perform at least 150 minutes/week of moderate intensity physical activity or 75 minutes/week of vigorous intensity activity or an equivalent combination of both in order to obtain important health benefits, including lower CHD risk. Despite advances in clinical medicine, survivors of MI remain at substantial risk of recurrent cardiovascular events and death. The aim of our prospective study was to examine whether meeting the PAG reduced risk of recurrent CVD events in MI patients.
Hypothesis: We hypothesized that MI survivors who met the current PAG had a more favorable prognosis than those who did not meet the guidelines.
Methods: Incident MI cases (933 men, 354 women, 35–69 years old) recruited from 12 of 15 Western NY hospitals completed an interviewer-administered survey and clinic exam. Physical activity (PA) in the previous seven days was assessed using the Stanford 7-day PA recall. Minutes reported in moderate and vigorous intensity recreational, household and occupational activity (MVPA) were summed and participants were categorized as follows (min/week): inactive (0), insufficiently active (>0–<150), met (150–300), and exceeded the guideline goal (>300). Participant surveys, medical records and a search of the National Death Index Plus were used to determine fatal and non-fatal recurrent CVD (ICD9 390–450) events. Cox regression analysis adjusting for age (in years), gender, education (in years), race, BMI, smoking status, hypertension and use of diabetes and lipid medication was conducted to examine the association between PA and recurrent events.
Results: During a mean follow up of 4.1 years, 301 recurrent CVD events occurred. At baseline, 174 (13.5%) participants reported no MVPA, 216 (16.8%) were insufficiently active, whereas 259 (20.1%) met and 638 (49.6%) exceeded the PAG, respectively. Multivariate adjusted hazard ratios (95% CI) for recurrent CVD events were Inactive [Ref (1.00)], insufficiently active [0.68 (0.46–1.01)], met [0.63 (0.43–0.92)], and exceeded the guideline goal [0.63 (0.45–0.87)], p-trend =0.019.
Conclusion: In this prospective population-based study, there is evidence to support that meeting the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans has significant benefits on fatal and non-fatal recurrent CVD events in men and women following myocardial infarction.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.