Abstract P254: Risk Factors For Venous Thromboembolism in a Cohort of French Women
Background: There is controversy over whether cardiovascular disease and venous thromboembolism (VTE) share risk factors. Prospective information on risk factors for VTE in otherwise healthy individuals is limited.
Methods and Results We evaluated the relation between known risk factors for cardiovascular disease and incidence of VTE among 65,272 French women in the E3N prospective cohort study with no prior history of VTE and who were free of cardiovascular disease or cancer in 1993. All information was self-reported via mailed questionnaires and diet and physical activity were assessed using previously validated instruments. Between 1993 and 2007, 766 cases of deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism were first identified through self-reports and validated using medical records and information from treating physicians. Cases were considered valid if the diagnosis was based on an imaging procedure. We evaluated the following risk factors: education, menopause, postmenopausal hormone use, treated hypercholesterolemia and hypertension, diabetes, body mass index (BMI), physical activity, smoking status and intake of alcohol, red meat, fish, fruits and vegetables, fiber and coffee. In a multivariable model with age as the time scale, we found that, compared to women with a BMI <22 kg/m2, the HR (95%CI) was 1.35 (1.14, 1.60) for 22–24.9 kg/m2, 2.11 (1.73, 2.57) for 25–29.9 kg/m2 and 2.88 (2.08, 3.98) for ≥30 kg/m2 and the p-trend was <0.0001. Menopause was found to be inversely associated with VTE risk [HR=0.60 (95%CI 0.45–0.80); postmenopausal vs. premenopausal women]. In analyses restricted to postmenopausal women, relative to never users current use of postmenopausal hormones was significantly associated to VTE risk [HR=1.44 (95%CI 1.18–1.74)]. No significant association was found with dietary and other cardiovascular risk factors.
Conclusion In this large prospective study only some risk factors for cardiovascular disease were associated to VTE incidence. We observed a strong inverse association between menopause and VTE.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.