Abstract P246: Heart Failure Performance Measures: Eligibility and Implementation In the Community
Background: The goal of heart failure (HF) performance measures is to improve the quality of care by enabling the practice implementation of guidelines. The guidelines define the population eligible for each measure. Little is known about the proportion of eligible patients to which these measures are applicable in the community.
Methods: We determined the eligibility for and the adherence to performance measures and beta-blocker therapy in a community-based cohort of hospitalized patients diagnosed with incident HF from January 2005 to April 2011.
Results: Of 294 inpatients with first ever HF (mean age 72 ± 15 years, 48% men), ejection fraction was measured in 292 (99%) patients during hospitalization. Of these, 97 (33%) had an ejection fraction <40% and were thus candidates for beta-blocker and angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) therapy. After excluding individuals with absolute contraindications, 71 patients were eligible to receive ACE inhibitors or ARB, and 86 were eligible to receive beta-blockers (figure). Among those eligible, 83% received ACEI/ARB and 91% received beta-blockers. Excluding those with relative contraindications, 70 patients were eligible for beta-blockers and 90% of them received it. Among the 139 (47%) individuals with HF and atrial fibrillation, 35 were eligible for warfarin and 49% received it. Of the 36 current smokers, 22 (61%) received cessation counseling during hospitalization.
Conclusions: In the community, among patients hospitalized with HF eligible for performance measures, the implementation of performance measures varies by measure and can be improved for some. However, most community HF patients are not eligible for performance measures and other approaches should be identified to improve their care and outcomes.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.