Abstract P232: Common Variants of the Estrogen Receptor 1 Gene Predict Decreased Blood Pressure Salt-Sensitivity in Men: The GenSalt Study
Previous reports have documented increased blood pressure (BP) salt-sensitivity in women compared to men, suggesting that genes encoding sex hormones could influence BP response to sodium. In the current study, we examined the association between 799 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 44 genes involved in sex hormone biosynthesis, bioavailability and metabolism for their association with BP responses to sodium intervention separately in men and women. A 7-day low-sodium (51.3 mmol sodium/day) followed by a 7-day high-sodium feeding-study (307.8 mmol sodium/day) was conducted among 1,906 participants from 633 Han Chinese families. Nine BP measurements were obtained at baseline and the end of each intervention period using a random-zero sphygmomanometer. Additive associations between each SNP and BP responses to low and high-sodium interventions were assessed using a mixed linear regression model to account for familial dependencies. Among men, absolute BP responses to sodium interventions decreased with the number of minor alleles of estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1) markers rs9340844, rs9397453 and rs9383951. For example, men with genotypes C/C, C/T, and T/T of rs9397453 had respective mean DBP responses [95% confidence intervals (CI)] of: -2.67 (-3.13, -2.22), -1.23 (-1.98, -0.48), and 0.08 (-2.31, 2.47) mmHg to low-sodium intervention [p=1×10-4; false discovery rate (FDR)-q=0.04]; and 1.46 (1.03, 1.89), 0.19 (-0.54, 0.91), and -1.10 (-2.82, 0.61) mmHg to high-sodium intervention (p=2×10-4; FDR-q=0.04). In addition, mean SBP responses (95% CI) were: -5.70 (-6.19, -5.20), -4.34 (-5.37, -3.31), and -2.65 (-5.15, -0.16) mmHg, respectively, for low-sodium intervention (p=2×10-3; FDR-q=0.17); and 4.56 (4.12, 4.99), 3.47 (2.63, 4.30), and 1.97 (-0.49, 4.43) mmHg, respectively, for high-sodium intervention (p=3×10-3; FDR-q=0.40). ESR1 variants were not associated with BP responses in women, with highly significant genotype-gender interactions noted. In summary, we identified strong, consistent associations between genetic variants in the ESR1 gene and decreased salt-sensitivity in men. Although replication of these findings is needed, our results support a role for sex-hormones in the etiology of this complex trait.
Funding(This research has received full or partial funding support from the American Heart Association, National Center)
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.