Abstract P193: Increased High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol:ApolipoproteinA1 Ratio is Associated with Less Progression of Coronary Atherosclerosis in Statin-Treated Patients
Background HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) and apolipoprotein AI (apoAI) levels are inversely related to adverse cardiovascular outcome. Associations between these HDL related measures and their ratio with coronary plaque progression have not been studied. It has been proposed that increasing HDL particle cholesterol content impairs HDL function, but impact on disease progression is unknown. We hypothesize that all HDL related measures are inversely associated with coronary plaque progression.
Methods Retrospective analysis was performed of 1528 statin treated patients with angiographic CAD who had serial evaluation of atheroma burden with intravascular ultrasound. Relationships between achieved levels of HDL related measures with clinical characteristics and changes in plaque burden were determined.
Results Strong correlation between HDL-C and apoAI (r=0.73, p<0.0001) was noted. Patients with highest levels of HDL-C:apoAI were more likely to be female, black, and have lower BMI and less likely to be smokers or have previous revascularization (all p<0.001) or acute coronary syndrome (p=0.013). HDL-C, apoAI, and HDL-C:apoAI demonstrated negative correlation with change in total atheroma volume (p<0.01). For HDL-C:apoAI and HDL-C, increasing tertiles of achieved levels were associated with a linear benefit in slowing progression. For apoAI, a nonlinear association was seen, with similar benefit on progression in the middle and upper tertiles (Table). There was no statistical interaction for heterogeneity between HDL-C:apoAI and atheroma burden based on achieved levels of HDL-C (p=0.581).
|Percent Atheroma Volume|
|Total Atheroma Volume|
Conclusions Increase in all HDL related measures was associated with less progression of coronary atherosclerosis. Association of higher HDL-C:ApoAI with favorable effect on plaque progression at all levels of HDL-C suggests intact HDL functionality of larger cholesterol rich particles. Interventions that increase HDL particle cholesterol content, such as CETP inhibitors, may thus have beneficial effect at the artery wall.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.