Abstract P175: High-density Lipoprotein Cholesterol and Mortality Prior to Age 90 in a Cohort of Male Physicians
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined prospectively the relationship between baseline high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and longevity.
OBJECTIVES: We sought to examine whether higher HDL levels were associated with lower risk of all-cause, cardiovascular (CVD), and non-CVD mortality prior to age 90 in the Physicians’ Health Study (PHS).
METHODS: We considered a baseline cohort of 1351 PHS participants who provided bloods between 1997 and 2001 and were old enough to reach age 90 by March 4, 2009. Included subjects had complete baseline data on HDL and total cholesterol; lifestyle factors including smoking, exercise, alcohol consumption, and BMI; and comorbidities including hypertension, diabetes mellitus, congestive heart failure, cancer, and stroke. We used Cox proportional hazards to determine the HRs and 95% CIs for all-cause, CVD, and non-CVD mortality prior to age 90, adjusting for baseline age, co-morbidities, and non-HDL cholesterol.
RESULTS: At baseline, the cohort had a mean (SD) age of 81.9 (2.9) years and a mean (SD) HDL cholesterol of 44.8(16.5) mg/dL. After a mean follow-up of 6.8 years (maximum 12.3 years), 501 (37.1%) of men died prior to age 90. In multi-variable adjusted analyses, men in the highest HDL-C quartile (≥54.1 mg/dL) had a 28% lower risk (HR 0.72, 95% CI 0.55-0.95) of all-cause mortality prior to age 90 compared to men in the lowest HDL-C quartile (<32.8 mg/dL). From the lowest to highest HDL quartile, age-adjusted HR(95%CI) for CVD mortality prior to age 90 were 0.66 (0.44-0.99), 0.58 (0.38-0.90), and 0.53 (0.34-0.82) (p for trend 0.004). There was no significant association between baseline HDL cholesterol and non-CVD death.
CONCLUSION: In a cohort of older male physicians with long-term follow-up, baseline HDL cholesterol was inversely associated with the risk of dying prior to age 90, largely explained by an inverse association between HDL and CVD mortality.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.