Abstract P062: Dietary Behavior Changes from Adolescence to Young Adulthood: Findings from Project EAT (Eating and Activity in Teens and Young Adults)
Introduction: Adolescence and young adulthood are important periods for the development of dietary behaviors. We hypothesized that as adolescents transitioned to young adulthood, breakfast consumption would increase and fast food and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption would decrease.
Methods: Project EAT is a 10-year, population-based, longitudinal study of multiethnic Minnesotans, aged 11-18 at baseline (1999). Participants (n=1,581) reported their frequency of breakfast consumption, eating at fast food restaurants, and drinking SSBs at each of 3 survey periods: EAT-I in 1999, EAT-II in 2004, and EAT-III in 2009. We studied changes in dietary behaviors as participants aged from early/middle adolescence (EAT-I, ages 16-23) to late adolescence (EAT-II, ages 16-23) to young adulthood (EAT-III, ages 21-31). We estimated prevalences of behaviors with logistic regression adjusting for demographics, and weighted by a propensity-to-respond method to reflect the socio-demographic diversity of the full EAT-I sample (gender: 43% (n=680) male; race/ethnicity: 54% (854) white, 14% (221) black, 5.5% (87) Hispanic, 19% (300) Asian, 7.5% (119) mixed/other).
Results: Dietary behaviors changed significantly across the study period, with gender differences in the patterns of breakfast and fast food consumption (table). During the transition from late adolescence to young adulthood, regular breakfast consumption (5+ times/week) increased among both females and males, and frequent fast food consumption (3+ times/week) declined among females. Among males, regular breakfast consumption declined between early/middle adolescence and late adolescence. Daily SSB consumption declined from late adolescence to young adulthood.
Conclusion: Breakfast consumption increased and fast food and SSB consumption decreased during the transition from late adolescence to young adulthood. The possibility of gender differences in dietary changes merits further study.
|Project EAT-I (1999) Early/Middle Adolescence||Project EAT-II (2004) Late Adolescence||Project EAT-III (2009) Young Adulthood|
|Age range||11-18 years||16-23 years||21-31 years|
|Prevalence,% (95% CI)||Prevalence, % (95% CI)||Prevalence, % (95% CI)|
|Breakfast (5+ times/week)|
|Males2||43.6 (35.8-51.7)||31.2 (27.1-35.6)||44.3 (36.2-52.7)|
|Females||31.7 (25.4-38.8)||32.0 (28.4-35.7)||59.1 (51.3-66.4)|
|Fast food (3+ times/week)|
|Males3||21.7 (15.4-27.4)||30.6 (26.6-35.0)||25.3 (18.8-33.2)|
|Females||19.4 (14.5-25.5)||24.3 (20.9-28.0)||12.2 (8.5-17.3)|
|SSB (1+ servings/day)|
|Males4||57.4 (49.4-65.1)||53.4 (48.5-58.1)||30.6 (23.6-38.7)|
|Females||45.8 (38.4-53.3)||39.4 (35.7-43.3)||21.0 (15.8-27.2)|
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.