Abstract P052: The Effect of Re-designing Workflow and Introducing Automated Blood Pressure Devices in Community-based Primary Care Clinics
BACKGROUND: Prior studies report that poor technique and terminal digit preference (TDP) can distort blood pressure (BP) estimates in clinical settings. These limitations may bias population BP estimates, increase clinician workload, and contribute to clinical inertia.
HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that BP measurement training with an automated blood pressure measurement (aBPM) device would reduce TDP, reduce the number of times clinicians repeat staff-obtained measurements, and reduce average BP estimates within each site.
METHODS: We replaced aneroid BP measurement devices in 6 community-based primary care clinics with aBPM devices (Omron HEM-907XL) and trained clinic staff with a standardized BP measurement protocol using 1 hour presentations and follow-up visits. We report mean weekly BP measured in the 8 weeks pre- and 4 weeks post-intervention at the first intervention site. Results are analyzed using chi-squared and paired t-tests.
RESULTS: Clinic staff recorded 5796 BP readings in the 8 week pre-intervention period and 2321 readings in the 4 weeks post-intervention period. TDP and clinician workload improved after the intervention. Pre-intervention, 1941 of 4833 (40.2%) of systolic BP and 2199 of 4833 (45.5%) of diastolic BP ended in zero, in contrast to 216 of 2158 (10.0%) of systolic and 219 of 2158 (10.2%) of diastolic readings post-intervention (P<.001 for both SBP and DBP). Clinicians repeated BP obtained by staff in 963 of 5796 (16.6%) of visits pre-intervention but only in 163 of 2321 (7.0%) of visits post-intervention (P<.001). TDP persisted when clinicians repeated staff-obtained BP readings post-intervention: 58 of 163 (35.6%) systolic and 65 of 163 (35.7%) diastolic BP ended in zero (P=.32 for SBP and P=.35 for DBP in comparison with pre-intervention BP readings). Overall, BP estimates changed modestly following the intervention. Post-intervention, mean systolic BP rose 1.4 mmHg (P=.004) and diastolic BP declined 3.1 mmHg (P<.001). Among clinician-repeated BP readings, systolic BP rose 2.4 mmHg (P=.12 for pre/post change) and diastolic BP declined 0.4 mmHg (P=.72 for pre/post change).
CONCLUSIONS: A standardized BP measurement protocol used with an aBPM device in community-based primary care settings can reduce TDP and clinician workload but is associated with only modest change in population BP estimates.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.