Abstract P030: Variations in Cardiovascular Risk Among Different Clinical Presentations of Metabolic Syndrome in the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) Study
Background: Some individuals classified as having metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) are centrally obese while others are not with unclear implications for cardiovascular (CV) risk.
Methods: REGARDS is following 30,239 individuals ≥45 years of age living in 48 states recruited from 2003-7. MetSyn risk factors were defined using the AHA/NHLBI/IDF harmonized criteria with central obesity being defined as ≥88 cm in women and ≥102 cm in men. Participants with and without central obesity were stratified by whether they met >2 or ≤2 of the other 4 MetSyn criteria, resulting in the creation of 4 groups. To ascertain CV events, participants are telephoned every 6 months with expert adjudication of potential events following national consensus recommendations and based on medical records, death certificates, and interviews with next-of-kin or proxies. Acute coronary heart disease (CHD) was defined as definite or probable myocardial infarction or acute CHD death. To determine the association between these 4 groups and incident acute CHD, we constructed Cox proportional hazards models in those free of CHD at baseline by race/gender group, adjusting for sociodemographic variables.
Results: A total of 20,018 individuals with complete data on MetSyn components were free of baseline CHD. Mean age was 64+/−9 years, 58% were women, and 42% were African American. Over a mean follow-up of 3.4 (maximum 5.9) years, there were 442 acute CHD events. In the non-centrally obese with>2 other risk factors, risk for CHD was higher for all but AA men, though significant only for white men. In contrast, in the centrally obese with >2 other risk factors, risk was doubled for women, but only non-significantly and modestly increased for men. Only AA women with central obesity and ≤2 other risk factors had increased CHD risk (Table).
Conclusion: The CHD risk associated with the MetSyn varies by the presence of central obesity as well as the race and gender of the individual.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.