Abstract 9887: Patient Selection for Ventricular Assist Device Therapy in the Elderly: Application of the HeartMate II Risk Score
Introduction: Advanced age is a risk factor for poor outcomes following left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implant. A means of identifying elderly patients with acceptable mortality risk following LVAD surgery is not currently available. The HeartMate II (HMII) Risk Score (HMRS) was recently developed and validated, providing good risk discrimination for predicting survival in patients undergoing HMII implant. Independent survival predictors in the model included age and markers of renal function, coagulopathy and nutrition. We hypothesize that the HMRS will provide utility for risk stratification of the elderly LVAD candidate.
Methods: Elderly patients (age >65 years) enrolled into the HMII Destination Therapy (DT) and Bridge to Transplant trials were selected for the study (n=444). Complete data for HMRS calculation was available in 98% (n=435). Preoperative patient HMRS was calculated according to the formula: HMRS = ln(1.29)*decade of age + ln(0.71)*Albumin + ln(1.37)*Cr + ln(1.86)*INR + ln(0.52)*LVAD Center Volume >=15 + ln(0.67)*Implant after 2007. Patients were trichotimized into high (HMRS >1.0), medium (HMRS 0.50-1.0), and low (HMRS <=0.50) risk categories (as previously defined in model development) based on HMRS. The primary endpoint was survival at 1 year following LVAD implant, estimated using Kaplan-Meier methods.
Results: The mean cohort age was 71±4 years and 84% (n=372) had devices implanted for DT. The table shows the HMRS along with mean±stddev values for the score's components. All between-group differences were statistically significant (Kruskal-Wallis p<0.05), although differences in age were not clinically significant. Survival based on HMRS strata is shown in the figure. Patients in the low and medium risk groups had survivals >80% at 1 year following LVAD implant.
Conclusions: The HMRS can be used to identify elderly patients with survivals comparable to that of the general LVAD population.
- © 2011 by American Heart Association, Inc.