Abstract 98: Initiation of Large-Volume, Ice-Cold Saline Infusion During Initial Resuscitation Attempts for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Results in Near-Target Temperatures for Therapeutic Hypothermia Upon Emergency Department Arrival
Background: New York City Project Hypothermia is a collaborative effort involving the Fire Department of New York (FDNY), Greater New York Hospital Association, Health and Hospitals Corporation, the Regional Emergency Medical Advisory Committee, and the New York State Department of Health. As part of this effort, the FDNY implemented a pilot protocol in the New York City 9-1-1 System on August 1, 2010 that introduced the induction of therapeutic hypothermia during initial resuscitation efforts via large-volume, pressure infused, ice-cold saline administration.
Purpose: We sought to assess the effects of the intra-arrest initiation of an infusion of up to 30cc/kg of ice-cold saline on core body temperature for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OOHCA).
Methods: A convenience sample of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients for whom core temperature monitoring via esophageal temperature probes was available were analyzed.
Results: There were a total of 78 patients for whom core temperature (esophageal) data was available both at the time hypothermia induction and upon ED arrival. Eight patients (10.3%) were reported to have developed clinical signs of pulmonary edema during the infusion and were excluded from this analysis due to the discontinuation of the large-volume infusion. Among the remaining 70 patients, an average of 1,361mls of ice-cold saline was administered prior to emergency department arrival. The average initial temperature for these patients at the time hypothermia induction was 35.1oC (range 32.7-38.0oC). The average temperature reduction as a result of the large-volume, ice-cold saline infusion was -0.92oC, with an average core temperature upon emergency department arrival of 34.2oC.
Conclusion: Large volume, ice-cold saline infusion during initial resuscitation efforts allows patients to arrive in the emergency department with a core temperature near the target range for therapeutic hypothermia. Further study is needed to assess the effects of early induction of hypothermia on immediate and long-term survival.
- © 2011 by American Heart Association, Inc.