Abstract 9174: Global Variation in the Etiology and Management of Atrial Fibrillation: Results from a Global Atrial Fibrillation Registry
Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia worldwide. A truly global registry is needed.
Methods: The AF registry enrolled unselected patients who presented to an emergency department with AF.
Results: A total of 14,434 patients were enrolled: 45% with AF as their primary diagnosis and 36% with their first documented episode of AF. The number of sites and patients were: North America (18; 1787), Latin America (23; 1116), Western Europe (19; 1903), Eastern Europe (22; 2445), Middle East (8; 813), Africa (20; 891), India (24; 2450), China (20; 1905) and Asia (12; 1124). The average age of patients in North America was 70.2 years and 57.7 % of patients were male. Patients in Africa and India were 12 years younger and were more likely to be female. Hypertension was the most common risk factor, present in 62% of patients worldwide. Its prevalence ranged from 41.5% in India to 80.0% in Eastern Europe. Heart failure was the second most common risk factor, present in 35% of patients worldwide. Its prevalence ranged from 17.4% in India to 70.5% in Africa. Rheumatic heart disease was present in only 2.1% of North American patients with AF, compared to 15.3% in both the Middle East and China, 22.0% in Africa and 30.9% in India. In Africa, more than 5% of AF cases were associated with pericarditis or endomyocardial fibrosis, while these conditions were present in < 1% of patients elsewhere. In North America, the use of oral anticoagulation (OAC) among patients with AF and a CHADS2 score of ≥ 2 was 72.6%. Elsewhere, the rate was from 19% in China to 63% in Eastern and Western Europe. For patients treated with OAC, the proportion of INR values between 2.0 and 3.0 ranged from 32.6% in India to 66.5% in Western Europe.
Conclusions: Although advanced age, hypertension and heart failure are the most common predisposing conditions for AF in all regions, rheumatic heart disease remains an important cause in low-income countries. Appropriate use of OAC is low, particularly in low-income countries.
- © 2011 by American Heart Association, Inc.