Abstract 9147: Undiagnosed Diabetes Mellitus, Pre-Diabetes, and Outcomes in Patients with Non-ST-Segment Elevation Acute Coronary Syndromes
Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with in-hospital and post-discharge morbidity and mortality in ACS patients. Little is known about the prevalence and outcomes of DM first diagnosed during hospitalization (undiagnosed DM) and pre-diabetes (preDM) among non-ST-segment elevation (NSTE) ACS patients.
Methods: We used the EARLY ACS trial database to explore the prevalence and outcomes of previously undiagnosed DM and preDM among high-risk NSTE ACS patients. Known DM was a baseline characteristic on the case report form. Undiagnosed DM was defined as fasting glucose >=126 mg/dL or HbA1c >=6.5% in patients without a history of DM, and preDM as fasting glucose >=110 to <126 mg/dL. Associations between undiagnosed DM, preDM, and known DM and 30-day death or MI and 1-year death were assessed by logistic regression and Cox proportional hazards modeling, respectively, with adjustment for baseline characteristics previously associated with these events in EARLY ACS models.
Results: Of 9406 patients, 1069 (11.4%) had undiagnosed DM, 947 (10.1%) had preDM, and 2860 (30.4%) had known DM. In general, patients with undiagnosed DM and preDM were similar in age and had similar prevalence of comorbidities as patients without DM; each of these groups was younger, had higher eCrCl, and fewer comorbidities than patients with known DM. Compared with patients without DM, the risk of 30-day death or MI was higher among patients with undiagnosed DM, but neither preDM nor known DM patients had elevated adjusted 30-day risk (Table). After adjustment, 1-year death was similar for patients with preDM and undiagnosed DM to those without DM. However, known DM patients had 32% higher 1-year mortality.
Conclusions: Undiagnosed DM and preDM are common in high-risk NSTE ACS patients. Although patients with previously undiagnosed DM and preDM had 1-year survival similar to non-diabetic patients, the presence of previously undiagnosed DM identified patients at elevated 30-day risk.
- © 2011 by American Heart Association, Inc.