Abstract 8803: Bioprosthetic Tricuspid Valve Regurgitation Associated with Device Lead Implantation
Background Little is known about the effects of permanent transvenous device leads on bioprosthetic tricuspid valve (BTV) function.
Hypothesis The goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that transvalvular device leads promote clinically significant BTV regurgitation.
Methods A retrospective review of 58 patients who underwent BTV implantation and subsequently required endocardial pacemaker (n=52) or defibrillator (n=6) lead implantation through the BTV was conducted. Patient and prosthesis characteristics, lead type, and clinical events were collected. The incidence and severity of prosthetic tricuspid regurgitation (TR), determined by Doppler echocardiography, was compared to 265 patients who underwent BTV implantation without undergoing subsequent transvalvular device lead implantation.
Results Over a mean follow up of 25 months, 5 patients (9%) with a transvalvular lead developed ≥ moderate prosthetic TR compared to 12 patients (5%) in the control group (P = 0.20). Kaplan Meier survival analysis revealed no significant difference in the incidence of TR in BTV patients with and without transvalvular leads (p = 0.45). Clinically significant prosthetic TR in patients with and without a transvalvular lead more commonly occurred 2 years or later after lead implantation or BTV implantation (4/5, 80% and 10/12, 83%).
Conclusions Compared to BTV controls, there was no significant difference in the incidence of ≥ moderate prosthetic TR in patients with a transvalvular pacemaker or defibrillator lead (p = 0.45). Transvalvular lead implantation appears to be an acceptable approach for patients with a BTV who require permanent pacemaker or defibrillator placement.
- © 2011 by American Heart Association, Inc.