Abstract 8436: Depression and Mortality in Older Adults Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
Background: Depression is prevalent in adults with cardiovascular disease; however, the association between depression and death in older adults treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is not known.
Method: We prospectively studied 596 patients 65 years of age or older undergoing PCI at Mayo Clinic (Rochester, MN and Franciscan Skemp Hospital in La Crosse, WI) from October 2005 through September 2008. Depression was assessed using the validated and reliable Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression (CES-D) scale. Patients were categorized into groups by depression symptom severity: none/mild (CES-D <16; referent), moderate (CES-D 16-21), or moderate/severe (CES-D>21). Patients were followed annually for death.
Results: Mean age of patients was 75.0±6.4 years; 31% were women, 98.0% were white. There were 461 patients (77.3%) that were not depressed and 135 patients (22.7%) that were depressed; 67 patients (11.3%) had moderate depressive scores (CES-D 16-21) and 68 patients (11.4%) had moderate/severe scores (CES-D >21). Groups were similar with respect to baseline characteristics. After a median follow-up of 36 months, there were 74 deaths, and patients with moderate/severe depressive symptom scores had a higher cumulative incidence of mortality (p = 0.036 by log-rank) (Figure). In multivariable analysis, CES-D score >21 was independently predictive of all-cause mortality (HR 1.90; 95% CI 1.02-3.53; p = 0.043), along with other covariates, including age (HR 1.88; 95% CI 1.31-2.68), comorbidity (Charlson Index) (HR 1.08; 95% CI 1.02-1.15), and diabetes mellitus (HR 2.04; 95% CI 1.26-3.30).
Conclusion: Over one-fifth of older adults undergoing PCI met criteria for depression and those with high depressive scores reflecting greater self-perceived depressive symptoms had worse survival. Recognition of depressive symptoms in older adults treated with PCI identifies a cohort at higher risk of adverse outcomes.
- © 2011 by American Heart Association, Inc.