Abstract 235: Old Age Is Independently Associated with Short Duration of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Introduction The optimal duration of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is unknown. Also the factors associated with the duration of CPR are not well known. We investigated that the old age might be the independent factor for short duration of CPR.
Methods A prospective database including out-of-hospital arrest patients who underwent CPR at one academic emergency department from 2008 through 2010 was analyzed retrospectively. Exclusion criteria were as follows: age under 18 years, traumatic causes of arrest, who gained ROSC. Patients were divided into two groups by the duration of CPR; the shorter group (CPR duration < 30 minutes) and the prolonged group (CPR duration > 30 minutes). Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify the factors associated with the short duration of CPR.
Results A total of 168 patients were enrolled. The shorter group (106 patients) showed 63% of total patients whereas prolonged group (62 patients) showed 37%. Among the factors examined, old age (>65years, adjusted odds ratio 2.072, 95% CI 1.044-4.111) and place where arrest took place were found to be independently associated with the short duration of CPR.
Conclusion Old age might be one of the factors that is independently associated with the short duration of CPR.
- © 2011 by American Heart Association, Inc.