Abstract 229: Are There Any Cultural Barriers to Automated External Defibrillator Use in Middle Eastern Countries?
Background: To date, no study has explored the role of cultural barriers to use of an Automated External Defibrillator (AED) in Arab Gulf countries. This study examines the role of ethnicity on acceptability ratings for resuscitation and use of an AED.
Methods: Male and female respondents (n=345) at an exhibition completed a questionnaire assessing knowledge and attitudes towards the use of an AED in sudden cardiac arrest situations in a public setting. Participants were provided with one of twelve different photographed vignette scenarios of a victim in cardiac arrest with a rescuer of three different ethnic groups (European, Indian Sub-Continent and Arab). Participants then completed acceptability ratings in relation to CPR, AED and x use.
Results: Results demonstrated no significant effect of gender in relation to AED usage but a significant difference between those who know what an AED was used for and those who did not. Significant differences were found on acceptability ratings of questions in relation to CPR, AED and X when the victim was female. Specifically, participants were significantly more likely to express low acceptability ratings for male rescuer intervention when the male was from the Indian sub-continent. No differences were observed between scores in relation to a European male rescuer and an Arab male rescuer.
Conclusion This study indicates a lack of knowledge and awareness in the Bahraini population in relation to the correct function of AED and when it should be used. Specific ethnic grouping of the Indian sub-continent appears to be a barrier to both AED use and CPR when the victim is an Arab female. This has implications for the delivery of training in AED usage and possibly the selection of those who should be trained. Any area in Gulf Arab countries, who purchase an AED, should ensure that a majority of female rescuers should be trained in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and use of the AED.
- © 2011 by American Heart Association, Inc.